The Down Payment

Mortgages & Beyond
When buying a home, it is best to understand how a home is financed.
There are three important parts:
1. The Mortgage Application
2. The Down Payment Deposit
3. Settlement and Closing Costs
When you know the amount of your down payment, and an estimate of the closing costs, and the mortgage amount for which you qualify, you will know how much home you can afford to buy.

A down payment is the money you pay up front toward the house. The more cash you pay as a down payment, the less money you will pay each month on the mortgage, and the lower the interest costs will be over the life of the mortgage. Typically, a conventional lender will require 20 to 25 percent of the purchase price as a down payment.

In some cases, involving an excellent credit history and sufficient income, lenders will agree to a 10 percent down payment. This may give you more cash for other moving expenses, but will also increase your monthly mortgage payments.

Loans through the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) or Veterans Administration (VA) carry very attractive down payment requirements of five percent or less. There is usually a maximum on the amount of money you can borrow with these types of loans, and VA loans are only available to veterans. FHA and VA loans are available at competitive interest rates. An additional benefit is that the seller may pay part of the points. In addition, when the time comes to sell, the next buyer may be able to assume the loan, subject to certain conditions.

If permissible, secondary financing may be used as an alternative way to finance your new home. This means that the seller may hold a second mortgage for 10 percent of the purchase price, while the buyer puts 10 percent cash down.

Typically, conventional lenders are willing to accept a lower down payment if Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) is secured. PMI protects the lender in case of default on the loan. It will cost more, but it can reduce your down payment to 10 percent.

>> Next: Closing Costs

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These figures are ESTIMATES only, NOT A GUARANTEE, and are SUBJECT TO CHANGE. If you misenter your information, the payment information will remain empty.