Glossy paint that combines quartz, silica, lead, feldspar and mineral oxides and is used as both a protective and decorative coating.
Nails with a coating of enamel for protection and color, which are used in instances where the color of the nail must blend with the material being installed, such as paneling.
Paint that dries to a hard, glossy surface because of its varnish, polyurethane, alkyd resin or acrylic base.
Brick that has a shiny surface.
To shut in all around.
Hood placed to encompass the source of fumes that need to be controlled.
Something that surrounds the thing to be protected.
Exterior, non-bearing wall.
To circle or enclose.
Structures that extended onto the property of another owner, for example, fences. Gradual possession by means of trespass.
To load or weigh down.
Claim or lien or interest in a property that complicates the title process, interfering with its use or transfer. Restrictive covenants.
The last part of anything; finish; final point; completion; termination. Alternately, the short edge of a panel of sheet rock that shows the gypsum core.
Piling which is loaded on an end and acts as a column.
Also referred to as end nippers or end cutting pliers, they are a plier-like hinged device that is used to cut wire or nails by pressing the hinged handles together, pinching the item to be cut. The cutting edge is at one end of the tool at right angles to the handle.
The pattern exposed, on the end, when a piece of wood is cut across the grain. Structural wood panels are end grain and must be finished so that water cannot enter the wood causing damage.
Approach Measurement of the nearest distance that a crane hook could come to a wall in a building that houses the bridge crane. The measurement is taken parallel to the rails where the bridge moves and must be known to make maximum use of the crane's reach. This is the major limiting factor to the use of an overhead crane in a manufacturing facility.
Conversion of a construction loan to a permanent mortgage, on a multi-unit project, after all units have been completed.
Using a power saw and a molding cutter to shape the end of a board into molding.
Nailing into the end of a board.
Also referred to as end cutters or end cutting pliers, they are a plier-like hinged device that is used to cut wire or nails by pressing the hinged handles together, pinching the item to be cut. The cutting edge is at one end of the tool at right angles to the handle.
Last outlet receptacle in an electrical circuit.
Primary anchor post at the end of a fence.
Structural support, which maintains the squared shape of a crane bridge by bracing the bridge members and preventing movement between them.
Wheeled section of a crane bridge, which permits the bridge to move along the crane rails.
Vertical structure in a building end wall.
A signature on a draft or check by a payee prior to the transfer to a third party. Also, a statement attached to an insurance policy, which changes the terms of the policy.
Person who signs over ownership of property to someone else.
Heat absorbing reaction. Produced by a chemical change in which there is an absorption of heat.
Funds or property bestowed upon a person or institution where upon the income is used to serve a specific purpose for which the endowment was intended.
Suffix which denotes aromatic hydrocarbons (xylene) and is used on the labels of paint products.
Window that has at least two parallel panes of glass so that the loss of heat through the window is slowed.
Heat loss from a structure. Alternately, the amount of energy needed to generate replacement heat for that which is lost.
Tax credit given to encourage the conservation of natural resources, as well as the development of alternative resources.
An agreement, debt, judgment or law, which can be operationalized, put into effect, fulfilled, completed, executed or performed, such as a lien put upon a property upon default of a loan.
Masonry design based on structural analysis.
Building framing using 24" spacing rather than the standard 16" spacing between studs.
Science concerned with putting scientific knowledge to practical uses, divided into different branches, as civil, electrical, mechanical or chemical engineering. Planning, designing construction or management of machinery, roads, bridges, building waterways, etc.
Valves, switches, regulators or levers used to manipulate, regulate or run a system.
Pattern of brickwork done by alternating courses of headers and stretchers.
English architecture: buildings of the 16th and 17th century built with strong timber foundations, supports, knees and studs with walls filled with plaster or brick. American architecture: the English design has been combined with the English Tudor design using a wood beam over stucco exterior.
Indentations made by poking the bristles of a stiff brush into a wet plaster surface to create this type of texture.
Architectural design featuring exposed beams and stone and brick exterior walls.
Carve into a hard surface.
The slight, convex swelling in the shaft of a column to prevent the illusion of concavity that would appear if the shaft was perfectly straight. Slight curing of a column toward its center.
Separate economic unit subject to financial measurement for accounting purposes. Alternately, an individual, partnership, corporation, etc. permitted by law to own property and engage in business
Trap and retain; gas bubbles in liquid or solid or air in concrete. To suspend in a vapor, so that the vapor will carry the liquid away in distillation or evaporation.
Passageway into a building.
Waterproof cap, also called weatherheads, mast heads or rain caps, which is placed at the upper part of an electrical mast at the point where the wires are run to the inside electrical meter. Wires hang from the pole to the entrance cap so that the entrance cap is not the low point in the downhill run from the pole because water will run to the low point before dripping to the ground. Wires enter the entrance cap at an upward angle through a tight insulator. Water is further stopped from getting through the entrance cap because of this entrance angle.
Passageway into a building.
Individual who starts an enterprise with its associated risks and responsibilities.
A wrapper or covering. To enclose or surround.
Vapor barrier that surrounds a total wall.
All of the conditions that influence and affect the development of all life forms within a specific area.
Laws that govern any part of building which would have an effect on the environment.
Government mandated evaluation of the effects a development will have on the environment of a proposed site.
An agency of the U.S. government established to enforce federal pollution abatement laws and to implement various pollution prevention programs. The agency supervises environmental quality and seeks to control the pollution caused by solid wastes, pesticides, toxic substances, noise, and radiation and has established special programs in air and water pollution, hazardous wastes, and toxic chemicals. It also sponsors research in the technologies of pollution control. Ten regional offices facilitate coordination of pollution control efforts with state and local governments.
Federal, state and local pollution control laws, codes and regulations, including the Refuse Control Act of 1899, the Clean Air Act of 1963, the Water Quality Act of 1965 and the Solid Waste Disposal Act of 1965 as well as the Super Fund Act of 1980 that reserves funds for cleaning up toxic waste sites.
Use of recycled material in construction.